Gypsum

 

Gypsum is a mineral found in many items we use every day, like toothpaste and shampoo. It is also used to make drywall, create molds for dinnerware and dental impressions, and to build roads and highways. Gypsum is of great importance as a raw material in the production of cement and plaster for the building industry. When plaster powder added to cement, it will make it dry and harder. It is also added to paints used in finishing. In paint, gypsum powder is used a filler to adhere to the pigments and improve the paint’s texture. It is also useful in agriculture as a soil fertilizer and conditioner. Gypsum can be also be used as a food additive to enhance the texture of ingredients in processed foods. Gypsum is the common name for the mineral calcium sulfate. Gypsum bonds easily with water and is usually found in its natural state as hydrated calcium sulfate. It is a soft mineral that usually appears white or gray and is composed of translucent crystals. Gypsum deposits are found as sediment in areas that were once covered by water. When rock gypsum is heated, it releases the water molecules bonded to it, and the resulting product is anhydrous plaster, a dry powder. Gypsum is an ore that found in layers of limestone. Pure white rock plaster is also known as alabaster and has been used to make carved statues and sculptures. Nearly all modern homes and buildings use gypsum in the form of wall board, also known as gypsum board, drywall or sheet rock. In the food industry, gypsum may be used as drying agent, color enhancer, stabilizer and thickener. Pure crystalline gypsum that used in food industries pharmacy and agriculture.This type of gypsum is layered, which is obtained by the adhesion of thin sheets of calcium hydrosulfate, or in the form of silk, which is the product of the adhesion of crystalline fibers of calcium hydrosulfate.

 

 

Gypsum
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